Philippine Peso (PHP) has been the official currency of the Philippines. All bills and coins are issued by Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (Central Bank of the Philippines), located in Manila. The main functions of the said monetary authority are to determine exchange rate policy, to implement monetary policy, to issue currency, to manage foreign reserves, to supervise banks financial position and to serve as the banker, financial advisor and official depository of the Philippine Government. BSP issued coins in denominations of 5c, 10c, 25c, 1 peso, 5 pesos and 10 pesos and bills in denominations of 20 pesos, 50 pesos, 100 pesos, 200 pesos, 500 pesos and 1000 pesos.
Portraits and Designs of Philippine Peso Bills and Coins
- 1000 Philippine Peso – Three World War II Heroes
Josefa Llanes Escoda (1898-1945) was a Spiritual Leader of the Underground during the World War II and a Famous Feminist. She underwent Girl Scout training in the United States and founded the Girl’s Scout of the Philippines. A building and a street were named after her. In recognition of her exemplary achievements, a monument in Dingras, Ilocos Norte (her hometown) was built.
Jose Abad Santos y Basco (1886-1942) was the 5th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines and the acting President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines (WWII). In 1954, a municipality in Davao del Sur was renamed after him.
Vicente Podico Lim (1888-1944) was a Military Science Professor (Colegio de San Juan de Letran), a Filipino Brigadier General and a Hero during World War II. He was the first ever Filipino graduate of US Military Academy at West Point class 1914. General Lim was a Charter Member of the Boy Scouts of the Philippines. The Philippine Military Academy (PMA) headquarters was named as Lim Hall. One Elementary School in Tondo, Manila was also named after him.
- 500 Philippine Peso – Couple Politicians in the Philippines
Benigno Simeon “Ninoy” Aquino, Jr. (1932-1983) was a Journalist, an Opposition Leader of the Philippine Government and a Politician. The International Airport in Paranaque, Metro Manila was renamed after him. As a result of his death on August 21, 1983, the government declared his death anniversary as a National Holiday.
Maria Corazon “Cory” Aquino y Cojuanco y Sumulong (1933-2009) was an Activist and the 11th President of the Philippines. A plain housewife of the late Senator Benigno Aquino Jr. Cory was the first Female President not only in the Philippines but also in Asia. She became the public figure of the People Power Revolution in 1986, during Marcos Regime. The school in Batasan Hills, Quezon City and public market in Baseco were named after her.
- 200 Philippine Peso
Diosdado Pangan Macapagal (1910-1997) was a Lawyer, a Politician, and a Professor. He was the 9th President of the Philippines. President Diosdado Macapagal Museum and Library located in Lubao, Pampanga was named after him.
- 100 Philippine Peso
Manuel Acuña Roxas (1892-1948) was a Lawyer, a Soldier, and a Politician. He was the last President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines and the 5th President of the Philippines. In his honor, two towns in the Philippines (Roxas, Capiz and Roxas, Isabela) was named after him.
- 50 Philippine Peso
Sergio Osmena Sr. (1878-1961) was a Lawyer, a Soldier, and a Politician. He was the 2nd President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines and 4th President of the Philippines.
- 20 Philippine Peso
Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina (1878-1944) was a Lawyer, a Soldier, and a Politician. Quezon was the 1st President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines and the 2nd President of the Philippines. He was known as the “Father of the National Language”. In his legacy, Quezon Province, Quezon Bridge, Manuel L. Quezon University and Quezon Memorial Circle were named after him.
- 10 Philippine Peso – Two Katipunan Heroes
Andres Bonificio y de Castro (1863-1897) was a Nationalist and a Revolutionary Leader. He was the founder of “KKK” (Kataas-taasan, Kagalang-galangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan) and became the “Supremo” (Supreme Leader). As a result, he was considered as “the Father of the Philippine Revolution”. Bonifacio led the Magdiwang faction of the Katipunan. Bonifacio Shrine can be found in Mount Nagpatong and Mount Buntis in memory of him.
Apolinario Mabini y Maranan (1864-1903) was an Educator, a Lawyer, a Revolutionary Leader and a Statesman. He served as the first legal and constitutional adviser of the Revolutionary Government of the Philippines. His two works namely: The “El Verdadero Decalogo” (The True Decalogue) and “Programa Constitucional de la Republica Filipina” (The Constitutional Program of the Philippine Republic) were used to create the Malolos Constitution.
- 5 Philippine Peso
Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy (1869-1964) was a Military, a Revolutionary and a Politician. He was the 1st President of the Philippines. He joined the “Katipunan” under Magdalo faction which was led by his cousin Baldomero Aguinaldo. Aguinaldo led the Philippine Revolution against Spanish during Spanish-American War and against the United States during Philippine-American War. The very first flag of the Philippines was designed by himself. He donated his mansion in Kawit, Cavite to the government and converted it into Aguinaldo Shrine.
- 1 Philippine Peso
Jose Protacio Mercado Rizal y Alonzo Realonda (1861-1896) was an Ophthalmologist, a Writer and a Member of Propaganda Movement. Rizal was the author of the two famous novels “Noli Me Tangere” and “El Filibusterismo“. These two novels greatly influenced most Filipinos in pursuing their independence from Spaniards. He was proclaimed as the “National Hero of the Philippines”. Their ancestral house was converted into Rizal Shrine in Calamba, Laguna.
- 25 cents, 10 cents and 5 cents
Corresponding Coin Value printed on the Obverse side of the coin.
Logo of “Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas” on the Reverse side of the coin.